Урок 13. Доп. материал.

Дополнительный материал ля устной речи.

I want to go to a department store [di'pa:tmənt 'stɔ:], Я хочу пойти в универмаг,
food store ['fud 'stɔ:]. в продовольственный магазин.
I want to buy a packet of cigarettes [,sigə'rets], Я хочу купить пачку сигарет,
a box of matches ['mæʧiz] коробку спичек
souvenirs ['su:vənirs] сувениры
some clothes [klouðz] готовую одежду
a pair of shoes [ʃu:z] пару обуви
a pair of gloves [glʌvz] пару перчаток
socks [sɔks], stockings ['stɔkiŋz] носки, чулки
a tie [tai] галстук.

Can I help you? Что вы хотите? (вопрос про давца) (букв. Могу я помочь вам?)

Will you show me Покажите мне, пожалуйста,
a white shirt [ʃə:t] белую рубашку
a dress [dres] платье
a pair of gloves. пару перчаток.
How much does it cost? [kɔst] Сколько это стоит?
How much is it? What size do you take? [saiz] Какой размер вы носите?
I take size six or six and a half. Я ношу размер 6 или 6 1/2.
I want to buy a pund of butter, a dozen ['dʌzn] eggs and a bottle of milk. Я хочу купить фунт масла 12 яиц и бутылку молока.
Please give me a cake [keik] of soap [soup], a tube of tooth-paste ['tu:θpeist] and a tooth-brush ['tu:θbrʌʃ]. Пожалуйста, дайте мне кусок мыла, тюбик зубной пасты и зубную щетку.

A Laconic Answer

The Spartans (спартанцы) lived in that part of southern Greece called Laconia. Sometimes people call them Spartans and sometimes Laconians. Those people were very brave and their way of life (1) was very simple. One of their rules (правила) was that they must always speak very briefly (кратко) using no more words than were necessary. To this day (2), we often call a short answer laconic; that is, such an answer as a Laconian might give.

There was in northern Greece a land called Macedon, ruled over (3) by a king, Philip by name. Philip wanted to become head of all Greece. He had a great army and conquered state after state. But although his strength was so great, Laconia remained free. When Philip reached Laconia he sent a letter to the brave Spartans saying, "If I conquer your country, I will level your great city to the ground". (4) In a few days he saw the answer brought to him. On opening the letter he found only one word written in it. That word was IF.


Life is not all cakes and ale. Жизнь прожить - не поле перейти. (букв. Жизнь - это не только пироги и пиво.)

Accidents will happen in the best regulated families. Несчастья случаются и в лучших семействах. (Ср.: В семье не без урода.)

There is many a slip between the cup and the lip. Между чашей и губами много неожиданностей. (Ср.:Не говори гоп, пока не перепрыгнешь.)


The foolish and the dead alone (5) never change their opinions.
James Russel Lowell (USA, 1819-1891)

Be slow in choosing a friend, slower in changing.
Benjamin Franklin (USA, 1706-1790)

The three things most difficult are -to keep a secret, to forget an injury () and to make good use of (6) free time.
Chilo (Greece, 560 B.C.)

Life if mostly froth and bubble; (7)
Two things stand like stone;
Kindness in another's trouble,
Courage in our own.
AdamLingsay Gordon (Australia, 1833-1870)

(1) way of life - образ жизни

(2) to this day - до наших дней

(3) ruled over - находящаяся под властью. Ruled здесь причастие II от глагола to rule править.

(4) level your great city to the ground - сравняю ваш великий город с землей. Вы встречали слово level в значении уровень, но здесь это гла-гол.

(5) The foolish and the dead alone ... - Только глупцы и мертвецы ...

(6) make good use of- хорошо использовать (что-либо)

(7) froth and bubble - пена и пузыри (т.е. мелочи)

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